Solid waste management is a burning issue in developing countries like India. It is one of the most neglected sectors from the government and private sector in India. The consequence of which local people have to deal with the health risk, polluted air, polluted water, degraded landscape and also reduction in touristic income. But this could be an opportunity to earn the profit which can be understood by social entrepreneurs. Social entrepreneurs by virtue take the social risk and convert it into the social value and economic profit. Thus, my objective is to understand how social entrepreneurship can address the issues of solid waste problem in India. The study of relationship between entrepreneurial process, innovation and entrepreneurial framework can shape the social entrepreneurial process to initiate and organize the business and to exploit the solid waste opportunity. The relevant two case studies and interviews were carried out to understand the current condition of solid waste management process. I found that social entrepreneurship is one of the demanded fields in which not only it will solve the social waste problem but also helps society to raise their income along with sustainable sources of energies.
The social entrepreneurs can start their business of renewal energy / consultancy, operation & supply into solid & liquid waste management / Sales & service for Equipment’s & accessories and can establish themselves as an important entities in Indian market. This concept of social entrepreneurship will also help country to reduce the growing pollution problem and also strengthen their economy.
The requirement of Social Entrepreneurs in such field is because of the massive waste related problems in India and Government inability to deal with such problem. Waste is also regarded as a source of income and generating energy. Like other entrepreneurs, social entrepreneurs are creative thinkers, continuously striving for innovation, which can involve new technologies, supply sources, distribution outlets, or methods of production. Successful social entrepreneurs in waste management sector should apply innovative techniques to deal with the waste problem. New technology and ideas are always in high demand. Innovation has always played vital role in entrepreneurship to exploit the opportunities. The newness in technologies and strategies to take advantage of the waste opportunities are the necessity agendas for social entrepreneurs in developing nation. They need to make positive difference in their process and strategies to be success. The difference should resemble of solving waste problem effectively otherwise the initiation and investment would be in the drain. The adoption of cutting edge technologies strengthen social entrepreneurs to produce maximum level of sustainability which further helps country in a long run. The innovation in strategy to retain waste from the community can also be challenging decision for social entrepreneurs.
Proper waste management presents an opportunity not only to avoid the detrimental impacts associated with waste, but also to recover resources, economic and social benefits and take a step on the road to a sustainable future. Although, the waste business has possibilities of earning profits, there are very few investments by private business groups in such market. Increased waste generation creates more environmental problems in this area, as many cities are not able to manage wastes due to institutional, financial, technical, regulatory, knowledge and public participation shortcomings. Despite of lack of interest from private ventures in waste sector and also due to lack of proper implementation of waste management strategies from government entities, it has become clear that social entrepreneurship is the most required and deserved field of study in waste management sector in developing nations.
The term Solid waste (SW) is very common to the present world. The generation of solid waste is inevitable in nature. It was not the major threat in the past but now, it has became one of the crucial topic to think for all the People, Government, Non Government Organization (NGO), International Non Government Organization (INGO), Environmentalist etc. “Solid waste and its management have been receiving fresh attention from academics and development practitioners”. Similarly, managing solid waste market is one of the attractive businesses in the world. “The global waste market, from collection to recycling, is estimated at US$600 billion a year, not including the sizable informal segment in developing countries”. Municipalities are mainly authorized for concerning Solid Waste Management (SWM), ever since it has been accounted as the job of the government. From the early stage of civilization till now, the waste has always been a concern for public agencies. Government defines the responsibility to municipalities for proper waste treatment. However it has always been a problem to the municipality to meet the objective set by the government of developing nation “they often face problems beyond the ability of the municipal authority to tackle.
The problem of waste management is huge in developing nations then in developed nations. Lack of infrastructure and financial support to manage the growing waste in developing nation caused a series of problems to their environment and to the health of their people. The challenge of urban solid waste is particularly peculiar to developing countries, where resources are limited but urbanization is occurring rapidly.
In many cases of cities, Municipal solid waste contains Hazardous pollutant chemical waste, hospital waste, Animal excrements, sharp metals etc. This waste facilitates Diseases and injuries among children, rag pickers and employees among SWM Sectors. Contamination of this kind is likely at all points where waste is handled. Although it is certain that vector insects and rodents can transmit various pathogenic agents (amoebic and bacillary dysenteries, typhoid fever, cholera, yellow fever, plague, and others), it often is difficult to trace the effects of such Transmission to a specific population. The implementation of MSWM practices benefits both public health and environmental quality directly and substantially.